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The drive menachism on an engraving by Christoph Lederwasch (1704)
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The drive mechanism today

The Salzburg "Glockenspiel" (carillon)

 

History

The famous Salzburg Glockenspiel is located under the tower helm on the west side of the Neue Residenz. It plays its usually well-known melodies daily at 7 and 11 am and 6 pm, for the enjoyment of both residents and tourists. Prince Archbishop Johann Ernst Graf Thun (1687–1709) bought the 35 bells in 1695 from the bell caster Melchior de Haze in Antwerp. Its gamut ranges over three octaves with all semitones.

The Salzburg gunsmith Franz Sulzer and the bell caster Benedikt Eisenberger made the drive mechanism and the brass drum in 1702, in which the court clockmaker Jeremias Sauter then drilled the 7,964 holes required for operation. He is noted as the craftsman mainly responsible for the carillon.

The Glockenspiel has been playing music since 1704, by now around 40 pieces, of which 16 are ascribed to Johann Michael Haydn. The music pieces by the Mozarts, father and son, are adaptations from the nineteenth century.

In 1873, the clockmaker Johann Baptist Fischer installed a clockwork movement that could release music and movement by means of a special device. The valuable mechanism still exists today, but the daily starts at 7 and 11 am and 6 pm are now taken over by an electric timer. An electric motor was also installed decades ago for the drive of the great brass drum.

 

Guided tours

The Salzburg Glockenspiel was completely restored in 2009 and 2010, and can be heard daily at 7 am, 11 am and 6 pm. Guided tours of the carillon tower for a maximum of 15 persons are held from the end of March until the end of October, each Thursday at 5:30 pm and each Friday at 10:30 am. Tickets are available at the museum's box office.

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