Lords over Salzburg between 1800 and 1816
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Salzburg: Ball in the Power Game

 

Mozart wasn’t an Austrian! Why is that? Salzburg is still an autonomous state in Mozart’s time!

In the turmoil of the Napoleonic Wars, Salzburg becomes a ball bandied about in the great power game: in 1803, the prince archbishop has to renounce his secular powers, for a short time Salz-burg becomes an electorate; in 1806, it falls to Austria, and in 1810 is annexed into the Kingdom of Bavaria. Meanwhile, French troops occupy the city, which suffers greatly under plundering and high payments of tribute.

Neither does the final annexation into the Habsburg Monarchy in 1816 mean a positive new start. On the contrary: the tie-in with Upper Austria means that Salzburg loses any autonomy it still had, and its function as a regional capital. Along with the burdens of war, all this leads to a lasting social and economic depression.

Napoleon I and the Battle of Walserfeld in 1800, before the gates of the city of Salzburg
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Napoleon changes the map of Europe

The Napoleonic troops are victorious in December 1800 at the Battle of Walserfeld (picture at right) and occupy the city of Salzburg for the first time. The inhabitants have to endure occupation twice more in the following years and suffer high payments. The Vienna Congress rearranges the map. In 1816, Salzburg falls finally to the Habsburgs and becomes part of Upper Austria.

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