The Burghers of Salzburg

Superb objects of Salzburg handicraft of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries
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“Salzleckertisch” (“Salt-licker Table”): Symbol of the oppressed protestants in Salzburg
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Between Compliance and Expulsion

 

Religion Dominates Civic Life

Hemmed in between the cathedral quarter and the Salzach, the burgher city of Salzburg, which is regularly threatened by inundation, reflects the narrow political scope allowed to the burghers by the prince archbishops.

Over a long period of time, the sumptuous court of the prince archbishops determined which products were to be traded in Salzburg and which objects were produced by the artisans. Although the craftsmen organise themselves into guilds, it is the archbishop who issues the ordinances for their operations, including strict religious rules and regulations.

 

Expulsion of the Protestants in 1731/32

In the mining regions of the mountains further away, Lutherans manage to withstand the pressure of the Counter-Reformation longer than in the city. However, in the early eighteenth century, religious intolerance wins the upper hand over rational economic considerations: The prince archbishop exiles twenty thousand Protestants, an exodus which has left its scars on the collective memory of Salzburg until today.

 

Residence for Jews Prohibited until into the Nineteenth Century

Less well-known is the fact that Jews were not only for-bidden to settle in Salzburg for many centuries, but were prohibited even from entering the city and Land.

 

Salzburg Cityscapes

The two seventeenth-century city views from the collection of St Peter’s Archabbey are unsurpassed in richness of detail. The oil paintings were painted as pendants by an unknown artist and show the view onto the city and the surrounding landscape from Mönchsberg to the north and from Kapuzinerberg to the south. In the city, the painter captures scenes of everyday life.

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